Commemoration of the Martyrdom of the Bab

July 1, 2020
Commemoration of the Martyrdom of the Bab

Gateway to the entrance of the Shrine of the Bab on Mount Carmel in Haifa, Israel
The Martyrdom of the Bab
Thursday, July 9, 1:00 pm CDT


This year, as the House of Worship for North America remains closed during the COVID-19 pandemic, there are new opportunities for people from afar to join in online observances. The program for the Martyrdom of the Bab is being created by the Baha’is of Canada.


The Bab was “the Gate” to a new era for humanity

Siyyid ‘Ali-Muhammad was known as the Bab, meaning “the Gate” in Arabic.  The Bab was a Messenger of God Who, in 1844 in Iran, announced that He was the gateway to a new era for humankind. It was the Bab’s mission to prepare the people for the coming of another, greater Messenger Who would share divine teachings that would allow humanity to come together to create justice and usher in the long foretold era of universal peace.

The Bab was an advocate of the poor. He supported the advancement of women, universal education, and the study of science—radical ideas in that time and place.

Over the course of six years, the Bab attracted many thousands of followers. The enthusiasm with which they accepted His teachings alarmed the clergy and government officials of the day. They imprisoned and tortured the Bab and hundreds of His followers, called Babis. Despite these persecutions, the movement spread like wildfire.

In 1850 a new prime minister ordered the Bab to be executed by firing squad. The night before the planned execution, a young man called Anis, threw himself at the feet of the Bab and begged to be martyred with Him.

On the morning of July 9, thousands of people gathered to watch the execution in the public courtyard of the barracks in Tabriz.

The Bab and Anis were suspended by ropes on a wall and a firing squad of soldiers prepared to shoot. The order to fire was given. When the smoke cleared, not only had the first volley failed to kill them, the Bab was nowhere to be seen. Guards found Him in His cell completing a letter that had been interrupted. A second firing squad was brought in and a second order to fire given. This time the 750 shots succeeded.

The Shrine of the Bab on Mount Carmel in Haifa, Israel

The precious shattered remains of the bodies were secreted away by faithful friends who concealed them until, in 1909, they were able to be interred in a special tomb, the Shrine of the Bab on Mount Carmel in present-day Haifa, Israel.

Baha’u’llah was among the many who remained faithful after the Martyrdom of the Bab. Bahá’u’lláh led efforts to maintain the unity of the Babi community—a community the government and clergy actively sought to exterminate. Thirteen years later, in 1863, Baha’u’llah revealed that He was the Messenger of God foretold by the Bab.  His teachings of the oneness of humanity are the foundation of the Baha’i Faith.

Learn more about the Bab



We would love to hear from you

© 2020 National Spiritual Assembly of the Bahá'ís of the United States. | Privacy Policy | Terms and conditions | Site Credits


Contact Us

Whether you are exploring the Bahá'í Faith or looking to become an active member, there are various ways you can connect with our community.

Please ensure that all the Required Fields* are completed before submitting.

Please choose one or more options below*:
Meet Bahá’ís near you or schedule a time to speak with a Bahá’í by phone or video chat.
Have introductory material mailed to you.
Receive a monthly round-up of new content on the site and other features.
I would like to find Bahá’ís in my area
First Name*
Last Name*
Contact Information:
ZIP Code*
E-mail *
Do you have any questions or comments you would like to share with us?

characters available

Contact Us